Prevalence: number of cases in a given year
- In 2011, 747,000 Canadians were living with cognitive impairment, including dementia – that’s 14.9 per cent of Canadians 65 and older.
- By 2031, if nothing changes in Canada, this figure will increase to 1.4 million.
- Today, the combined direct (medical) and indirect (lost earnings) costs of dementia total $33 billion per year.
- If nothing changes, this number will climb to $293 billion a year by 2040.
Impact of care
Caregiving is a critical issue for people living with dementia and for Canadians in general.
- One in five Canadians aged 45 and older provides some form of care to seniors living with long-term health problems.
- A quarter of all family caregivers are seniors themselves; a third of them (more than 200,000) are older than 75.
- In 2011, family caregivers spent in excess of 444 million unpaid hours looking after someone with cognitive impairment, including dementia.
- This figure represents $11 billion in lost income and 227,760 full-time equivalent employees in the workforce.
- By 2040, family caregivers will spend a staggering 1.2 billion unpaid hours per year.
- The physical and psychological toll on family caregivers is considerable; up to 75 per cent will develop psychological illnesses; 15 to 32 per cent experience depression.
Global impact of dementia
- As of 2010, more than 35.6 million people worldwide are living with dementia, or more than the total population of Canada.
- The global prevalence of dementia stands to double every 20 years, to 65.7 million in 2030, and 115.4 million in 2050.
- Total health-care costs for people with dementia amount to more than 1 per cent of the global gross domestic product (GDP), or US$604 billion in 2010.
It’s time to act
In 2011, the first wave of the baby boomers turned 65.
- Between 2 per cent and 10 per cent of all cases of dementia start before the age of 65.
- The risk for dementia doubles every five years after age 65.